8th Grade U.S. History

Never throughout history has a man who lived a life of ease left a name worth remembering.
   -Theodore Roosevelt


8th Grade Social Studies- Program Description

    In 8th Grade Social Studies, students will develop and improve competencies as articulated in the Common Core State Standards for reading for information, grade 8.  Students will become proficient in three overarching areas: (1) identifying and analyzing key details in informational texts; (2) analyzing the craft and structure used in the text; and (3) integrating knowledge and ideas between different texts.  Students will apply these skills to the studies of civics, geography, economics and history.

(1) Students will cite explicit and inferential evidence from a text to support an analysis of what the text says. They will identify a central idea in the text and analyze its development over the course of the text.  Students will describe the central idea including its relationship to supporting ideas, and provide an objective summary of the text. They will analyze how a text makes connections among and distinctions between individuals, ideas, or events.

(2)  Students will determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text.  This will include the use of figurative and connotative meanings of words and phrases.  They will analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.  Students will analyze in detail the structure of a specific paragraph in a text, including the role of particular sentences in developing and refining a key concept. Students will determine an author's point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author acknowledges and responds to conflicting evidence or viewpoints.

(3) Students will evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using different mediums such as print, digital text, or video to present a particular topic or idea.  They will delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; they will recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced.  They will analyze a case in which two or more texts provide conflicting information on the same topic and identify where the texts disagree on matters of fact or interpretation.

    8th grade students will read and comprehend a variety of complex nonfiction texts related to civics, geography, economics, and history, including texts written at the high end of their grade range.  They will practice skills of analysis and evaluation in isolation and apply them effectively to make meaning.